Overcoming Hydromorphone Addiction: Find Hope and Healing at Vista Taos Drug & Alcohol Treatment
What Is Hydromorphone?
When learning about hydromorphone addiction, it is best to consider what the drug is, how it works, and how to recover. Hydromorphone is a potent synthetic opioid medication and is often used for severe pain management.
How Does Hydromorphone Work?
How Does It Compare to Other Opioids?
- How it’s administered
- The individual’s environment
- Genetic vulnerability2
Take Precautions Even With Prescription Medications
Signs and Symptoms of Hydromorphone Addiction
- Continued use of hydromorphone despite negative consequences
- Being unable to control or cut down usage
- Spending a significant amount of time obtaining, using, or recovering from the drug
- Neglect of personal or professional responsibilities
- Engaging in risky behaviors while under the influence of the drug
- Doctor shopping or forging prescriptions to get more of the drug
- Withdrawal symptoms (restlessness, muscle pain, insomnia, etc.)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Slowed breathing rate
- Drowsiness or sedation
- Cravings for the drug
- Mood swings or depression
- Difficulty concentrating or remembering things
Physical Health Impact
- Respiratory depression (slowed or stopped breathing)
- Reduced sex drive
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Reduced testosterone levels in men
Mental Health Impact
- Low self-esteem
Risk Factors for Hydromorphone Addiction
- Genetics: If a person has a family history of addiction, they may be at an increased risk.
- Age: While opioid addiction can occur at any age, it’s more common among younger individuals. But older adults can be vulnerable too. This is especially true because they’re more often prescribed these drugs for medical reasons.
- Co-occurring Disorders: People with other mental health disorders are more at risk for hydromorphone addiction.
- Personality Traits: Certain personality traits can increase the risk of developing an addiction. These can include impulsivity or a high need for sensation-seeking.
- Past Trauma: Individuals with a history of childhood abuse may have a higher risk of addiction.
- Peer Pressure and Social Environment: People who live or work in an environment where drug use is common are at greater risk of starting to use drugs.
- Access to Drugs: Easy access to hydromorphone can increase the risk of misuse and addiction.
- Socioeconomic Status: Stress related to living in poverty can increase the risk of substance use disorders.
Potential Dangers of Hydromorphone Addiction
- Overdose: Perhaps the most immediate and life-threatening risk associated with hydromorphone addiction is overdose. Opioid overdose can cause many physical issues, resulting in coma, brain damage, or death.
- Dependence and Withdrawal: Even short-term use of hydromorphone can lead to physical dependence. These withdrawal symptoms can be uncomfortable and, in some cases, dangerous.
- Infectious Diseases: If hydromorphone is injected, there’s a risk of transmitting or acquiring bloodborne diseases. This disease can include HIV or Hepatitis C from sharing needles.
- Chronic Health Issues: Chronic use of hydromorphone can contribute to various health issues. High-dose use can also lead to a weakening of the immune system.
- Mental Health Disorders: Hydromorphone addiction is often associated with mental health disorders and an increased risk of suicide. The cycle of addiction can also worsen pre-existing mental health issues.
- Social and Financial Problems: Addiction can lead to significant social and financial problems, including job loss, financial hardship, or relationship problems.
- Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome (NOWS): Pregnant women who use opioids like hydromorphone may give birth to babies dependent on opioids. These babies must undergo withdrawal after birth, a condition known as neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome.5
Hydromorphone Addiction Treatment Options
Several treatment options are available for individuals struggling with hydromorphone addiction.
Choosing the right approach depends on your needs, the severity of your addiction, your readiness to change, and any co-occurring mental health disorders.
Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT)
MAT is an approach to treating opioid addiction that combines medications with counseling and behavioral therapies.
The medications used can help to:6
- Reduce withdrawal symptoms
- Decrease cravings
- Normalize body functions
Some examples of behavioral therapies are cognitive-behavioral therapy, dialectical behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and acceptance and commitment therapy.
Mutual-support groups like Narcotics Anonymous can be helpful for many people recovering from opioid addiction.
They can provide the following:
For those who have co-occurring mental health disorders, integrated treatment is often effective.
Factors that should be considered when choosing the most effective treatment approach include:
- Severity of addiction: More severe addiction may need more intense treatment.
- Co-occurrence: Individuals with a co-occurring mental health disorder may benefit from integrated treatment.
- Support system: People with a strong support system may do well with outpatient treatment. Someone without strong support may need the structure of an inpatient program.
How to Manage Hydromorphone Withdrawal
- The length of use
- The dosage
- The degree of dependence
- The individual’s physical health
- Muscle and bone pain
- Cold sweats
- Involuntary leg
- Loss of appetite
- High blood pressure
- Rapid heart rate
While withdrawal from opioids is uncomfortable, it is often not life-threatening. But withdrawal can lead to relapse.
So, medical detox is often recommended to ensure safety and increase the chances of successful withdrawal.
Approach to Manage Withdrawal Symptoms
- Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) can help reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
- Detox programs where medical professionals track and manage withdrawal symptoms using medications. Detox is the first step in treatment but does little to change long-term drug use.
- Behavioral therapies and support groups can provide emotional support during the withdrawal process.
It’s important to seek professional medical help when attempting to stop using opioids like hydromorphone. The withdrawal process can be challenging, both for physical and mental health.
Vista Taos can provide guidance and resources to ensure a safe withdrawal process.
Resources and Support for Hydromorphone Addiction
Support and resources for hydromorphone addiction can include:
- 12-Step Programs: Narcotics Anonymous (NA) is a 12-step program.
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): SAMHSA operates a 24/7 helpline (1-800-662-HELP) that offers free and confidential information on substance use disorders and mental health issues.
- Al-Anon and Nar-Anon: These organizations support the family members and loved ones of individuals struggling with addiction.
- National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI): NAMI offers resources for individuals struggling with mental health and substance use disorders.
Advancements in Hydromorphone Addiction Treatment
- Improving Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT): Research continues how to optimize MAT therapies. This includes studying the best ways to combine medications with behavioral interventions and how to handle special populations.
- Long-Acting Formulations: A recent advancement is the development of long-acting formulations of medications used in MAT. This includes extended-release naltrexone and buprenorphine implants.9
- Vaccines Against Opioids: In the experimental stages, scientists are developing vaccines that could help the immune system to recognize and neutralize opioids. This could prevent them from causing their addictive effects.10
- Harm Reduction Strategies: There is ongoing research into harm reduction strategies, including supervised safe injection sites. They can prevent overdose deaths and the transmission of infectious diseases and connect individuals with treatment services.11
Find Help with Hydromorphone Addiction at Vista Taos
At Vista Taos Renewal Center, help is available for those struggling with hydromorphone addiction. Our personalized approach ensures your unique needs are met.
From supervised detox to a variety of therapeutic methods, Vista Taos aids in understanding and addressing the root causes of addiction.
Our holistic approaches provide a focus on wellness, while our aftercare planning aids in maintaining long-term recovery. We even offer a comprehensive family program. This helps your family understand the impact of addiction.
Reach Out to Vista Taos Today
Our compassionate team helps guide you through the recovery journey, equipping you with the tools necessary to achieve lasting sobriety.
To provide the most comprehensive treatment, Vista Taos addresses co-occurring disorders. We help you tackle mental health issues that often go with addiction.
With Vista Taos, those battling hydromorphone addiction are never alone on their journey toward recovery. To find out more about our holistic approach to treatment, contact us today at 575.758.5858 or https://www.vistataos.com/contact-us/. We can’t wait to meet you!
- https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/drug-addiction/symptoms-causes/syc-20365112 /